Nebula Graph 1.0 Benchmark Report based on the LDBC Dataset

Dutor
2020-09-11

nebula graph benchmark report

Testing Environment

Specs

  • CPU: Intel® Xeon® CPU E5-2697 v3 @ 2.60GHz, 2(sockets) * 14(cores) * 2(threads)

  • Memory: DDR4,64GB * 4

  • Storage: HP MT0800KEXUU,NVMe,800GB * 2

  • Network: Mellanox MT27500 10Gb/s

  • Five servers in total have been used for this testing:

  1. One for graphd (the query engine process)
  2. Three for storaged (the storage engine process).The meta service is deployed on the same hosts with the storage service.
  3. One for (Golang) client. A single process with multiple goroutines.
  • OS: Centos 7.5
  • Nebula Graph Version: V1.0.0 GA 1
  • Graph Space partition: 24

Key Configs in Nebula Graph

Storaged

# One RocksDB instance per disk
# The default reserved bytes for one batch operation
--rocksdb_batch_size=4096
# The default block cache size used in BlockBasedTable.
# The unit is MB.
--rocksdb_block_cache=102400
--num_io_threads=24
--num_worker_threads=18
--max_handlers_per_req=256
--min_vertices_per_bucket=100
--reader_handlers=28
--vertex_cache_bucket_exp=8

--rocksdb_disable_wal=true
--rocksdb_column_family_options={"write_buffer_size":"67108864",
  "max_write_buffer_number":"4","max_bytes_for_level_base":"268435456"}
--rocksdb_block_based_table_options={"block_size":"8192"}

Graphd

# The number of networking IO threads, 0 for # of CPU cores
--num_netio_threads=20
# The number of threads to execute user queries, 0 for # of CPU cores
--num_worker_threads=32
--storage_client_timeout_ms=600000
--filter_pushdown=false

Intro to the Dataset

Data source

LDBC Social Network Benchmark Dataset

The LDBC is designed to be a plausible look-alike of a social network site. For a detailed introduction to the dataset, see https://github.com/ldbc

Data scale

  • Scale Factor is 1000
  • Data size: 632GB
  • Disk size occupied: ~500GB (* number of replicas)
  • Number of Vertices: 1,243,792,996
  • Number of Edges: 8,397,443,896

Schema

schema

The K-Hop Out-degree Distribution in LDBC

One-hop out-degree distribution

Most vertices have less than 10 outgoing edges. Some super vertices have 700 outgoing edges.

One-hop out-degree distribution

Two-hop out-degree distribution

Most vertices have less than 2000 two-hop adjacency nodes. Some super vertices have 40000 such nodes, though.

Two-hop out-degree distribution

Three-hop out-degree distribution

Most vertices have less than 100,000 three-hop adjacency nodes. Some super vertices have 2,000,000 such nodes, though.

Three-hop out-degree distribution

Query Samples

K-hop without Retrieving Properties

GO 1 STEP FROM $ID$ OVER knows 
GO 2 STEP FROM $ID$ OVER knows 
GO 3 STEP FROM $ID$ OVER knows 

K-hop with Retrieving Properties

GO 1 STEPS FROM $ID$ OVER knows YIELD knows.time, $$.person.first_name,\
   $$.person.last_name, $$.person.birthday
                                     
GO 2 STEPS FROM $ID$ OVER knows YIELD knows.time, $$.person.first_name,\
   $$.person.last_name, $$.person.birthday
                                     
GO 3 STEPS FROM $ID$ OVER knows YIELD knows.time, $$.person.first_name,\
   $$.person.last_name, $$.person.birthday     

Note: The $ID$ in the statements is the placeholder of the starting vertex for a graph traverse. It will be substituted by the some random vertex ID upon query execution.

Testing Results

The results include the throughput and latency for each query.

One-hop Results without Properties

One-hop Results without Properties

Two-hop Results without Properties

Two-hop Results without Properties

Three-hop Results without Properties

Three-hop Results without Properties

One-hop Results with Properties

One-hop Results with Properties

Two-hop Results with Properties

Two-hop Results with Properties

Three-hop Results with Properties

Three-hop Results with Properties

You can find the testing code and the nGQL queries in this repo: https://github.com/vesoft-inc/nebula-bench

For batch write performance, refer to the Spark Writer doc.

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